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Automation Testing: Code-less vs. Code-ful, Which is the Better Option?



Today, development teams are constituted differently compared to a few years ago. You are now going to find product owners, developers, manual testers, and quality assurance engineers in a development team.

This has been dictated by the different testing techniques that are in play, including code-less and code-ful testing.

Code-less tools are known for their ability to speed up the testing process while at the same time reducing maintenance costs and including reporting and administration features built into the tools.

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These tools ensure that the work involved in building, running, and maintaining tests is spread across different teams including those that do not have coding skills. On the other hand, code-ful tools require testers to write code when running tests.

This plays a huge role in bringing bottlenecks that prevent faster software releases. So, what is code-less and code-ful testing, and which one is better?

Code-less Testing

Code-less automation testing tools are growing popular with advancements in technology. Their main purpose is to ensure that functionality and user interface testing is simplified in a way that a person can run the tests without having to write any lines of code.

Most of these tools employ a paradigm often referred to as record and play. The tester (or any other user not necessarily with skills in automation testing) makes a recording of a certain scenario.

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They then make adjustments to see how the scenario can match the requirements of their applications and run the tests.

The tests are then executed, any errors present are worked on, and additional changes are made to ensure that the test results match expectations.

Code-ful Testing

On the other hand, code-ful testing tools require that a tester writes lines of code when testing software applications.

However, some of them often referred to as low-code tools, come with built-in features such as shared components, if statements, and loops meaning that testers can rely on these features instead of having to write the code themselves.

The main difference between code-ful and code-less testing tools is that with code-ful testing tools, testers can customize and insert code into the tests and dictate how the tests will be run.

The inserted code can be run on the server often through node.js or the browser. Its advantage is the fact that it makes automated testing flexible and increases text coverage as well as the number of use cases that can be covered.

Advantages of Code-less Automation Testing

  • You do not have to be skilled in software testing for you to use code-less automation testing tools. It is one way of automating workflows in a development team. This is the reason why different personnel from testers, developers, quality assurance professionals, and product owners can use these tools without any issues.
  • Depending on the features that come with code-less automation testing tools, teams can cover a lot of the test cases that they have, though not all of them. This is due to the inability to add lines of code to the test cases.
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Disadvantages of Code-less Automation Testing

  • The tools come with reduced flexibility. Testers have to rely on what the tools can do and are not able to modify the test cases to meet different requirements. This means that the tools are not able to run tests on challenging use cases.

Advantages of Code-ful Automation Testing

  • Most of the features that come with the code-ful testing tools do not require one to be very skillful for them to use the tools.
  • The tools come with a lot of flexibility. Testers can add more code when running the tests to ensure that all test cases are covered without any issues.

Disadvantages of Code-ful Automation Testing

  • If you want to make any advanced customization or add complicated lines of code, you must be skilled for you to be successful. This is one of the reasons why code-ful testing is difficult to use.


Depending on your requirements when it comes to testing your applications, you will be able to choose the mode of testing that best suits you.

However, if you do not have skilled personnel to help write tests for you as well as code, then code-less testing is the best option for you. Those who would like to add advanced customizations to their testing procedures can use code-ful testing to ensure that their requirements are met.


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