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Successful test of ‘artificial sun’ in China, five times more powerful than real sun

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HIGHLIGHTS :

  • This experiment took place in China’s Hefei Institute of Physical Science.
  • It is a project of about Rs 7,060 crore.
  • This experiment is expected to run till June this year.

This experiment took place in China’s Hefei Institute of Physical Science.

China is experimenting with the ‘artificial sun’ to achieve clean energy in the future. This is called the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). This device is a fusion reactor. In a recent test, it was maintained at 70 million degrees Celsius for about 20 minutes. This machine tries to harness the power of nuclear fusion. It is called an artificial sun because the setup of the machine mimics the nuclear reactions that actually take place inside the sun. In this, gases like hydrogen and deuterium are used as fuel. This experiment can bring scientists closer to ‘unlimited clean energy.

It is a project of about Rs 7,060 crore.

The reactor of the machine is being tested so that the heating system supporting it becomes more ‘warm’ and ‘durable’. It is designed and made by China itself. EAST has been used for nuclear fusion experiments since 2006, but only recently, researchers have achieved great success.

A report in the South China Morning Post said that in this experiment, the ‘artificial sun’ was maintained at a temperature of 70 million degrees Celsius for 17 minutes and 36 seconds. It is about five times hotter than the real Sun and its core temperature is more than 15 million degrees Celsius.

This experiment is expected to run till June this year.

This experiment took place at the Hefei Institute of Physical Science in Anhui, the eastern province of China. Gong Xianzu, in charge of the EAST experiment, said that ‘this experiment lays a solid scientific foundation for running the reactor.’ A New York Post report states that more than 10,000 Chinese and foreign scientific researchers were part of this $948 million (about Rs 7,060 crore) project. The experiment, which started in December last year, is expected to continue till June this year.

Song Yuntao, director of the Institute of Plasma Physics, said that five years from now, we will start building our fusion reactor.

In a recent test, it was maintained at 70 million degrees Celsius for about 20 minutes.

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